# Debt-to-Income Ratio

Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to decide the most you can pay monthly after your other monthly debts have been paid.

### How to figure the qualifying ratio

For the most part, underwriting for conventional mortgage loans needs a qualifying ratio of 28/36. An FHA loan will usually allow for a higher debt load, reflected in a higher (29/41) ratio.

The first number in a qualifying ratio is the maximum amount (as a percentage) of gross monthly income that can be applied to housing (including principal and interest, PMI, homeowner's insurance, taxes, and homeowners' association dues).

The second number in the ratio is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income which can be applied to housing expenses and recurring debt. Recurring debt includes things like auto/boat loans, child support and monthly credit card payments.

### Some example data:

28/36 (Conventional)

• Gross monthly income of \$3,500 x .28 = \$980 can be applied to housing
• Gross monthly income of \$3,500 x .36 = \$1,260 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio

• Gross monthly income of \$3,500 x .29 = \$1,015 can be applied to housing
• Gross monthly income of \$3,500 x .41 = \$1,435 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

If you want to run your own numbers, use this Loan Qualification Calculator.

### Guidelines Only

Remember these ratios are only guidelines. We will be happy to help you pre-qualify to help you figure out how much you can afford.

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