About the FICO Credit Score
Since we live in an automated world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
This score is created by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history from your various loans: credit cards, mortgages, car loans and others.
Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian, the three major credit agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following in building your score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of lending you money?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The result is a single number: your FICO score. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most people who want to get a mortgage loan these days score 620 or above.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the FICO score is calculated from your lifelong credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. (Of course you can and should appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Know your FICO
In order to raise your FICO score, you've got to obtain the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the original FICO credit score, sells scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive to quickly get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from the three major agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your credit score? Call us: (310) 373-7406.